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Bihar Agriculture

Agriculture is an important economic sector in Bihar, with a large proportion of the state’s population engaged in farming and related activities. Bihar has a diverse range of crops, including rice, wheat, sugarcane, and vegetables, and it is known for its fertile soil and abundant water resources. In this article, we will explore the agriculture of Bihar in detail, covering its major crops, irrigation systems, and challenges.

Major Crops

Bihar is a major agricultural state, with a wide range of crops grown in the region. Some of the major crops of Bihar are:

  • Rice: Rice is the main crop of Bihar and is grown in almost all parts of the state. It is an important source of food and is also used for making a variety of dishes.
  • Wheat: Wheat is another important crop of Bihar, and it is grown in the colder regions of the state. It is used for making flour, which is used for making bread, cakes, and other baked goods.
  • Sugarcane: Sugarcane is an important cash crop in Bihar, and it is grown in the southern and western parts of the state. It is used for making sugar and other products.
  • Vegetables: Bihar is also known for its production of vegetables, including potatoes, onions, and tomatoes. These vegetables are grown in both the winter and summer seasons.

Irrigation Systems

Bihar has a well-developed irrigation system, which includes both surface and ground water sources. The main surface water sources are rivers and canals, while the main ground water sources are wells and tube wells. The state has a number of irrigation projects, including the Sone Barrage and the Ganges Barrage, which help to irrigate large areas of land.

Challenges

Despite its rich agricultural resources, Bihar faces a number of challenges in the sector. Some of the main challenges include:

  • Low productivity: The productivity of crops in Bihar is relatively low compared to other states, due to a lack of modern techniques and technologies.
  • Poor infrastructure: The state has a poorly developed infrastructure, which makes it difficult to transport crops to markets and to access other important resources.
  • Climate change: Bihar is also facing the impacts of climate change, which is causing changes in weather patterns and affecting crop production.

Lists

  • Rice
  • Wheat
  • Sugarcane
  • Vegetables

Tables

CropMain production areas
RiceAll parts of Bihar
WheatNorthern Bihar
SugarcaneSouthern and western Bihar
VegetablesAll parts of Bihar

FAQs

What are the main crops of Bihar?

The main crops of Bihar are rice, wheat, sugarcane, and vegetables.

What is the irrigation system of Bihar like?

Bihar has a well-developed irrigation system, which includes both surface and ground water sources. The main surface water sources are rivers and canals, while the main ground water sources are wells and tube wells.

What are the challenges faced by agriculture in Bihar?

The main challenges faced by agriculture in Bihar include low productivity, poor infrastructure, and the impacts of climate change.

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