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Bihar Culture

Bihar is a state located in the eastern part of India that is known for its rich cultural heritage. The state has a long and storied history, and this is reflected in its art, literature, music, and other cultural traditions. In this article, we will explore the culture of Bihar in detail, covering its language, literature, art, and other cultural traditions.

Cultural TraditionDescription
LanguageHindi, Urdu, Maithili
LiteraturePoetry and fiction
ArtMadhubani paintings, Patna Silk
MusicFolk music
DanceVarious styles
FestivalsChhath, Diwali, Holi


Bihar has a number of languages spoken in the state, including Hindi, Urdu, and Maithili. Hindi is the official language of the state and is widely spoken and understood. Maithili is a regional language spoken in the northern part of the state and is recognized as an official language by the state government. Urdu is also spoken by a small minority of people in Bihar.


Bihar has a rich tradition of literature, with a number of important writers and poets hailing from the state. Some of the notable writers and poets from Bihar include:

  • Vidyapati: Vidyapati was a 14th-century poet who is known for his Maithili language poetry.
  • Kalidasa: Kalidasa is considered one of the greatest poets and playwrights in the Sanskrit language. He is believed to have lived in the 4th or 5th century CE.
  • Sharat Chandra Chatterjee: Sharat Chandra Chatterjee was a Bengali novelist and playwright who was born in Bihar and is known for his works on the struggles of ordinary people.


Bihar has a rich tradition of art and craft, with a number of important styles and techniques that have developed over the centuries. Some of the notable forms of art from Bihar include:

  • Madhubani paintings: Madhubani paintings are a traditional form of art that originated in the Madhubani district of Bihar. They are known for their bold colors and intricate patterns.
  • Patna Silk: Patna Silk is a type of silk fabric that is made in the city of Patna. It is known for its fine quality and is used for making a variety of garments and other products.

Other Cultural Traditions

Bihar is home to a number of other cultural traditions, including music, dance, and festivals. Some of the notable cultural traditions of Bihar are:

  • Bihari folk music: Bihari folk music is an important part of the state’s cultural heritage and includes a variety of styles, including lok geet, bhawaiya, and mangal.
  • Chhath: Chhath is a major festival in Bihar that is celebrated to honor the Sun God. It is a four-day festival that involves fasting, prayer, and other rituals.


  • Hindi
  • Urdu
  • Maithili
  • Vidyapati
  • Kalidasa
  • Sharat Chandra Chatterjee
  • Madhubani paintings
  • Patna Silk
  • Bihari folk music
  • Chhath


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