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Bihar Geography

Bihar is a state located in the eastern part of India. It is bordered by the states of West Bengal to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, and Nepal to the north. Bihar is known for its diverse geography, which includes mountains, rivers, forests, and fertile plains. In this article, we will explore the geography of Bihar in detail, covering its physical features, climate, and natural resources.

Physical Features

Bihar is a landlocked state with a varied topography. The northern part of the state is dominated by the Himalayan mountain range, which includes some of the highest peaks in the country. The eastern part of the state is home to the Chotanagpur Plateau, which is characterized by rolling hills and plateaus. The western and southern parts of the state are mostly flat and are home to the fertile Ganges plain.

Bihar is traversed by several rivers, including the Ganges, which is the longest and most important river in the state. The Ganges flows through the middle of the state and is joined by several smaller rivers, including the Gandak, the Kosi, and the Bagmati. These rivers are an important source of water for irrigation and other purposes.

Climate

Bihar has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and cool and dry winters. The summer months, from April to June, are the hottest, with temperatures reaching up to 45 degrees Celsius. The winter months, from November to February, are the coolest, with temperatures dropping to as low as 5 degrees Celsius. The state receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season, which lasts from June to September.

Natural Resources

Bihar is rich in natural resources, including coal, limestone, and timber. The state also has a diverse range of flora and fauna, with several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Some of the important natural resources of Bihar are:

  • Coal: Bihar is home to several coal mines, including the coal fields in the north of the state.
  • Limestone: Bihar has large deposits of limestone, which is an important raw material for the cement industry.
  • Timber: Bihar has a rich forest cover, with several species of trees, including sal, teak, and bamboo.

Lists

  • Himalayan mountain range
  • Chotanagpur Plateau
  • Ganges plain
  • Ganges river
  • Gandak river
  • Kosi river
  • Bagmati river

Tables

ResourceLocation
CoalNorth Bihar
LimestoneVarious locations
TimberForests across Bihar

FAQs

What is the highest peak in Bihar?

The highest peak in Bihar is the Gaurishankar Mountain, which is located in the Himalayan mountain range.

What are the main rivers in Bihar?

The main rivers in Bihar are the Ganges, the Gandak, the Kosi, and the Bagmati.

What is the climate of Bihar like?

Bihar has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and cool and dry winters. The state receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season, which lasts from June to September.

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