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FIR stands for “First Information Report.” In the legal system of India, an FIR is a document that is filed by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offense. Cognizable offenses are serious crimes that are punishable by imprisonment for three years or more, and they include offenses such as murder, rape, theft, and robbery. The FIR is used to initiate a criminal investigation and to record the details of the alleged offense. It is a crucial document in the legal process, as it serves as the basis for the police to collect evidence, interrogate suspects, and arrest individuals who may be involved in the commission of a crime.

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