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Spacex

SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corporation) is a space transportation company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. The SpaceX Dragon cargo ship pulls away from the station moments after undocking from the Harmony modules forward port, during the sunrise of the orbit.

In 2006, NASA awarded the company a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) contract to develop and demonstrate a launch system for cargo resupply to the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX has since developed the Falcon family of launch vehicles and Dragon spacecraft, which are all currently carrying cargo to Earth orbit. In September 2008, SpaceX successfully launched the companys first SpaceX vehicle into Earth orbit, becoming the first private company to launch a liquid-fueled rocket into orbit.

Falcon 1 launches followed this, which failed to achieve Earth orbit in March 2007 and August 2008. With Dragons safe recovery, SpaceX became the first private company to launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft; before this mission, only government agencies had been able to recover orbital spacecraft.

SpaceXs accomplishments include the first privately funded liquid-fueled rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 in 2008), the first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft (Dragon in 2010), the first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Dragon in 2012), the first vertical takeoff and vertical propulsive landing for an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2015), the first reuse of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017), and the first private company to send astronauts to orbit and the International Space Station (SpaceX Crew Dragon Demo-2 and SpaceX Crew-1 missions in 2020).

SpaceXs achievements include the first privately funded liquid-propellant rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 in 2008 ), the first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft (Dragon in 2010 ), the first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Dragon in 2012 ), the first vertical take-off and vertical propulsive landing for an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2015 ), the first reuse of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017 ), and the first private company to send astronauts to orbit and to the International Space Station (SpaceX Crew Dragon Demo-2 and SpaceX Crew-1 missions in 2020 ).

In 2011, SpaceX broke ground for the Falcon Heavy), a rocket designed to overcome a $1,000-per-pound to orbit barrier, which can carry astronauts into deep space. SpaceX did not win the Space Act agreement during Round One (CCDev 1), but in Round Two (CCDev 2), NASA awarded SpaceX a $75 million contract to continue development of its launch escape system, to test the crew habitat mockup, and to continue progressing its Falcon/Dragon crew transport design.

To keep quality and costs under control, SpaceX designs, tests, and manufactures most of its components in-house, including the Merlin and Draco rocket engines used in the Falcon launch vehicles and Dragon spacecraft.

SpaceX is scheduled to launch a Geosynchronous communications satellite, Eutelsat 10B, for Eutelsat. SpaceX is set to launch a private lunar landing mission for a Japanese firm, China is sending a new crew to its space station, and ABL Space Systems is hoping that a third time is the charm for its RS1 rocket, as the month of activity comes to an end. Over about 8,600 words, the Wikipedia entry for Musk summarizes Musks career highlights – such as how a 2020 launch made SpaceX the first private company to put a man into orbit and to dock a manned spacecraft to the International Space Station, and how Starlink, his satellite-based satellite network, provided Ukraine some Internet access during Russias invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

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