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Uttar Pradesh Geography

Uttar Pradesh, located in northern India, is a diverse and sprawling state with a wide range of landscapes and geographical features. From the Himalayan mountain range in the north to the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the center, and the Vindhya Range and Chambal River in the south, the state has a varied and diverse geography.

Regions and Physical Features

Uttar Pradesh is divided into six main regions: Awadh, Bagelkhand, Bhojpur-Purvanchal, Braj, Bundelkhand, Kannauj, and Rohilkhand. Each of these regions has its own unique physical features and landscapes.

The Himalayan mountain range runs along the northern border of the state and includes some of the highest peaks in India, including Nanda Devi and Panchchuli. The Indo-Gangetic Plain, which stretches across the center of the state, is a flat and fertile region that is home to a number of major rivers, including the Ganges, Yamuna, and Sarayu. The Vindhya Range, located in the south of the state, is a series of low hills and plateaus, and the Chambal River flows through the region.

Climate and Rainfall

The climate of Uttar Pradesh varies depending on the region, but it is generally hot and dry in the summer and cool and dry in the winter. The average temperature ranges from around 5°C in the winter to 45°C in the summer. The state receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season from June to September.

Rivers and Water Resources

Uttar Pradesh is home to a number of major rivers, including the Ganges, Yamuna, and Sarayu. These rivers are an important source of water for irrigation and other purposes, and they also have a significant cultural and spiritual significance for the people of the state. In addition to these rivers, the state has a number of other water resources, including lakes, reservoirs, and underground aquifers.

FAQs

Q: What are the main physical features of Uttar Pradesh?

A: The main physical features of Uttar Pradesh include the Himalayan mountain range in the north, the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the center, the Vindhya Range in the south, and the Chambal River.

Q: What is the climate like in Uttar Pradesh?

A: The climate in Uttar Pradesh is generally hot and dry in the summer and cool and dry in the winter. The average temperature ranges from around 5°C in the winter to 45°C in the summer.

Q: What are the main rivers in Uttar Pradesh?

A: The main rivers in Uttar Pradesh include the Ganges, Yamuna, and Sarayu. These rivers are an important source of water for irrigation and other purposes, and they also have a significant cultural and spiritual significance for the people of the state.

Q: What are the main water resources in Uttar Pradesh?

A: In addition to the major rivers, the state has a number of other water resources, including lakes, reservoirs, and underground aquifers. These resources are an important source of water for irrigation, drinking, and other purposes.

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